Howard Locke Shand

HOWARD LOCKE SHAND
1863-1920
Howard Locke Shand was born August 25th, 1863 in Bridgewater, Lunenburg County, N.S. Howard was the only son of John Mull Shand who emigrated from Scotland in 1847 with his parents, Alexander and Jane (Forrest) Shand, along with 5 other siblings. An older brother and sister and a younger brother and two sisters. They originally settled in West Caledonia, Queens County, where Alexander built a home on the Whiteburne Road. Here is where the family lived until 1854. At that time they removed to Mersey Point, Queens County, which is located just outside of the town of Liverpool. Here Alexander built his second home, which still stands today. By 1860 Alexander and Jane’s family consisted of 11 children. Howard’s father, John was to become an astute business man and at the early age of 20 he learned the trade of Tin-Smithing and entered into the newly created industry of hermetically sealing canned goods. In 1863 John moved to Bridgewater and married Susan A. Rose and shortly afterwards Howard was born. He was followed 2 years later by a sister, Margaret who sadly passed away at the age of 2. In John’s early years he mostly canned fruits and vegetables. It wasn’t until the early 1870’s that he branched out into the canning of lobsters, which brought him to Bear Point, Shelburne County. He along with his brothers James and George set up a number of canneries between Lockeport and Pubnico. All of whom carried on with successful businesses. Howard’s father John was the first President and one of the three incorporators of the Barrington Telephone Company. Along with his canneries he operated a dry goods and grocery store, a hardware and lumber business and owned a steamer as well. He was also a Justice of the Peace and a municipal councillor. Howard was only 10 years old when his parents moved to Bear Point and this is where he grew up and learned the trade of Tin -Smithing and canning. In 1884 he married Emma Jane Nickerson and they had 4 children, Clayton Melvin, Margaret Bernice, Howard Ashton and Douglas Howard. The youngest being Douglas (which is where my name is derived from) He was born in Bear Point in 1893…..sadly only 11 short years later he was to die in Shag Harbour from diphtheria. Howard had moved from Bear Point to Shag Harbour sometime around 1900. Here he set up a canning business which remained prosperous up until the down-turn of the industry, which occurred just prior to the beginning of World War I, when at that time the shipping of live lobsters was becoming a booming industry. Howard was known far and wide as a citizen of sterling character, straight forward in all business dealings and was honoured and respected by all who knew him. His death on Dec. 19th, 1920 was preceded by a 2 week illness due to a combination of heart failure and diabetes. He was only 57 at the time of his death. His son, Clayton Melvin Shand was my great grandfather.
(Submitted by Douglas Shand, Shag Harbour)

Captain Loran A. Kenney & The Aberdeen

Hi All! I hope you’re all having a great week so far. For this week’s “Over the Waves” we’re heading to the waters around Nova Scotia. I know I’ve covered Coast Guard ships before (usually ones that have been in the St. John’s Harbour), but I decided to look a bit further back, to when they were considered Canadian Government Ship (or Dominion Government Steamer). And, not surprisingly, I found a ship that caught my interest. This week I bring you all the story of the CGS Aberdeen.

Ship Stats
Nationality: Canadian
Length: 55m
Beam: 9.4m
Weight: 674 tonnes
Draught: 5.8m
Complement: 45
Speed: 13 knots
Year: 1894

The Canadian Government Ship (CGS) Aberdeen was built in Paisley, Scotland in 1894 for the Canadian Government. Picked up by a crew from where she rested on the shores of the river Clyde, she left Scotland on August 26th and arrived in Halifax on September 7th.

The CGS Aberdeen on her sea trials. Image from the Canadian Coast Guard.
The CGS Aberdeen on her sea trials. Image from the Canadian Coast Guard.

 

Originally intended to be an Atlantic service vessel, she was obtained by the Quebec branch of the Coast Guard and became a lighthouse supply and buoy inspection vessel. Being built right at the turn of the century gave her a couple of interesting design features. For one, even though she was a hand-fire coal burning ship, she still had sails on her fore and aft to be used in case of emergencies. This meant that she maintained some charm of the old sailing ships while embracing new technology. The downside to this was that when the sails were in use, or even stored on deck, it was difficult to protect them from damage caused by the red embers drifting from the stack.

The first captain of the CGS Aberdeen, Capt. M. P. McElhinney and his crew.
The first captain of the CGS Aberdeen, Capt. M. P. McElhinney and his crew. Image from Canadian Coast Guard.

This, and the changing steam technologies, resulted in her being put in for refit in the spring of 1905. It should have been the winter of 1904, but while sailing to Toronto to be put into dry dock, the Aberdeen was trapped in the ice off of Soulanges, QC. She spent her winter in Quebec until the St. Lawrence thawed in the spring, allowing her to complete her trek. She came out of her refit with all new boilers, and a high forecastle deck (her previous layout had been flush with the main deck). Her sails and masts were removed, and on the bow a new heavy crane was installed.

She set back out a few months later to resume her duties throughout the Gulf of St. Lawrence. With her crew of 45, she had a successful and seemingly uneventful career. That is until the afternoon of October 13, 1923.

That morning, the Aberdeen, under command of Captain Loran A. Kenney, had left Yarmouth, NS in heavy fog on an inspection tour. It should have been a routine trip – they had some buoys to check on, depth soundings to take, and a delivery of 500 bags of cement for Cape Sable lighthouse. On board was also the Superintendent of Lighthouses John Kelley, Marine Agent J.C. Chelsea, and Engineer P.F. Morrison.

CGS Aberdeen. Image from the Canadian Coast Guard.
CGS Aberdeen. Image from the Canadian Coast Guard.

As the Aberdeen neared Seal Island, NS, it came upon an area called the “Black Ledge”. Here, the captain slowed the engines in preparation for depth sounding check. As they came within almost 2.5km of Seal Island, the lookout spotted an obstruction in the water. The order was given to throw the engines full astern, but it was too late. The Aberdeen struck the sunken wreck of the trawler Snipe, which had run aground in the area earlier that year. The collision ripped a 7.6m hole in the side of the ship, causing her to fill and settle on the ledge in 15 minutes.

The crew sent out a mayday, which was picked up by the CGS Laurentian (Aberdeen‘s sister ship) from Saint John, NB, as well as the Acadian from Halifax and Arieux from Brier Island, NS. The crew of the Aberdeen were actually fortunate that she sank where she did – had she slid off the shelf, there would have likely been a complete loss of life. Because she settled in shallow water, not a single life was lost.

There was one more complication to deal with, however. In addition to her 500 bags of cement, the Aberdeen was carrying drums of calcium carbide. This made everyone  very nervous because when this mixes with water, it forms the flammable gas acetylene. So while 25 of the crew took the ships boats and made it to the Seal Island Light Station, the rest of the crew stayed behind to salvage as much off the wreck as they could. They successfully managed to clear out the Aberdeen with no injuries.

 

William “Billy” Thurston

William “Billy” Thurston

  • – 1892

Found dead on Emerald Isle and suspected of being murdered.
He was the servant of Mrs. Alice Wrayton, widow of Arthur. Mrs. Wrayton was accused of murdering
her servant, William “Billy” Thurston. The trial began on June 20,1893 and finished three days later on June 23rd. It was concluded that there were not sufficient grounds to merit the charge of murder, and Mrs. Wrayton was declared not guilty. Despite this non-guilty verdict, there is still much wonder about what truly happened between Dec. 22-24,1892.
***more can be read on this in the “Stories of Shag Harbour”…”Murder?”, found on this site.

Rebecca Nickerson

Rebecca Nickerson

1870 – 1918

The death took place at her home in Shag Harbour. She was the widow of Captain Isaac A. Nickerson, who died in 1910. She was always interested in the work of the United Baptist Church being a prominent member in the Sabbath School and the Missionary Society. Outside the church, she was an active member of Guiding Star Division, Sons of Temperance for over 60 years: also, she was always employed making things for others, which found their way into the Red Cross.

Pies

Pies

Today’s pie-making is much easier than it was for our ancestors who did not have the advantage of regulated heat in their ovens. One rule that guided them was “If you can hold your hand in the heated oven while you count to twenty” the oven was the right temperature for baking pastry.

The best pastry was made in the “cold room” where not only the ingredients but the board, the rolling pin, and even the hands, were cold enough to ensure that the

shortening would not soften until it was popped into the oven, resulting in the desired flakiness that was the measure of good pastry.

The above taken from: Out of Old Nova Scotia Kitchens by Marie Nightingale

Pastry

Pastry   (Christine Shand)

2 cups flour
1 cup shortening ( Crisco or Tenderflake )
Bit of salt
8 Tbsp. very cold water

Measure flour and salt . Cut in shortening with pastry cutter. Add cold water all at once and mix.. Makes two or three pie shells according to size.
Bake in 350 degree oven until starting to brown.

Date Pie

Date Pie  (Edith Shand)

Cook 1/2 – 1 package dates ( add 2 or 3 Tbsp. Sugar and a piece of butter and salt before cooking)
Cover the above with water and cook until dates are soft.
Add vanilla, 2 egg yolks (beaten) and enough milk for one pie. (about 1&1/2 cups.)
Bake until set.
Put meringue or whipped cream on top.
Bake in 350 degree oven for approx. 35-40 minutes.

Mince Pies

Mince Pies

For more than 100 years in England, mince pies were the center of theological discussion and Puritanical

clergymen preached to their flocks to abstain from this unholy fare. We are happy to say that by the time the

English arrived in Nova Scotia, the mince pie had been cleansed of all sin and was able to take a place of

honour on the pie shelf.

The above taken from: Out of Old Nova Scotia Kitchens by Marie Nightingale

Mincemeat

Mincemeat  ( Edith Shand)

Use deer meat or rabbit meat)
5 cups ground meat (pre-cooked)
5 cups brown sugar
1 cup molasses
2 pounds seedless raisins
1/2 cup vinegar
1 tsp. cinnamon
1 tsp. cloves
7 cups apples, peeled and ground
2 oranges, 1 lemon (ground)
2 tsp. lemon juice
Salt
1/2 pound suet or shortening
1 (16 oz. can apple juice)

Note: Add more apple juice as it cooks to keep it from sticking and becoming too thick.
Cook about 3 hours on low heat. Use a heavy pan to prevent sticking.

Bread

Breads

It was not until the middle of the 19th century that the hearth with its bake oven was sealed off and the monstrous iron stove took its place in the kitchen.
For the wise mother who still insists that home-made bread is a necessity to her family’s health and enjoyment, bread-making is an easy task as compared to that of earlier days. Today we begin with prepared yeast, either in cake or granular form, but in the old days the yeast  had first to be made before thought could be given to making bread.
Making the yeast starter from hops and potatoes was a process that involved days, so care had to be taken to keep a supply always on hand. Kept tightly corked in stone jars and stored in a cool place, the yeast would stay sweet and fresh for a couple of months.